On 12 July 1664 the cannons placed on the walls adjacent to the Porta San Donato were fired to honor the memory of San Paolino but, accidentally, the blows were directed against the crowd that was in the area; there were no deaths or injuries and this miracle was attributed to San Paolino. In his honor, in addition to the religious celebrations, the "Palio della balestra" is also organized, during which the crossbowmen representing the city's third parties, San Paolino, San Salvatore and San Martino compete for the prize awarded each year by a contemporary author. The crossbowmen of each third party reach the place of the dispute accompanied by a procession of costumed figures and climb the pancaccio in pairs, according to a draw. After fixing the crossbow they try to hit the target, the jug placed 36 meters away.
These are the days dedicated to the patron saint, and the city celebrates them not only with traditional religious celebrations, but also with historical events and re-enactments, musical events, markets and neighborhood celebrations.
Thursday 11 July
7:00 pm - Piazzale Verdi - an artillery piece, posted in the archaeological ruins next to the old Porta San Donato, will fire the blanks for the departure of the Luminara.
8:30 pm - piazzale Verdi. Historical procession and Luminara of St. Paulinus.
9:30 pm - piazza san Martino. Arrival of the cortege and exhibition of historical groups.
9:45 pm - piazza san Martino. Historical cortege towards the Basilica of St. Paulinus.
10:00 pm - Basilica of San Paolino. The Bishop welcomes the procession in the churchyard, followed by prayer.
Friday 12 July PATRONAL HOLYDAY
12:00 am - Cannon place of the bulwark of San Donato. Gazzarra of artillery in honor of the Patron Saint and in memory of the Miracle of Saint Paolino of 12 July 1664 and the formation of the body of the bombers of the walls in 1572. Shooting of the artillery as a tradition until the end of 1700. by the Association Historica Lucense
6:00 pm - Basilica of St. Paulinus - Solemn pontifical presided over by the Archbishop of Lucca, in the presence of the labyrinths and sidacians of the municipalities of the archdiocese.
8:30 pm - Historical procession from the headquarters to Piazza San Martino, seat of the Palio.
9:30 pm - piazza san Martino Palio della Balestra in honor of san Paolino - Shooting competition with the ancient crossbow among the town's territories, following the rules of 1443. edited by the Compagnia Balestrieri of Lucca.
Saturday 13 July
7:00 pm - streets and squares of the city. Marcing Band performance of the band "Puccini" of Nozzano Castello.
Saturday 13 and Sunday 14 July
5:00pm / 8:00pm - underground of the San Frediano platform - historical animation of the artillery. Bombers and other figures in the Group's historic Renaissance clothing animate the basement and the area in front of the San Frediano Platform with public display of reproductions of artillery pieces and equipment. In the San Frediano Platform, an exhibition of furnishings and artillery and characters in historical military Renaissance clothing (bombers and families).
12:00 am / 1:00 pm - San Frediano platform. Gazzarra of artillery in honor of the Patron Saint and in memory of the Miracle of Saint Paolino of 12 July 1664 and the formation of the body of the bombers of the walls in 1572. Shooting of the artillery as a tradition until the end of 1700. by the Association Historica Lucense