In this corner of the city interesting monuments from different eras.
It often happens in a city like Lucca.
Entering from Porta Santa Maria from Via Fillungo you can quickly reach Piazza Anfiteatro, redesigned in the nineteenth century by the Lucchese architect Lorenzo Nottolini on the remains of the Roman amphitheater of the second century AD. It is perhaps one of the most photographed squares in the world, certainly unique for its elliptical shape and the irregularity of the roof skyline.
The powerful bell tower, near the apse of the church, betrays the irregular orientation of this church which, unlike the others, has a facade facing east.
Piazza San Frediano is dominated by the façade and the 13th century mosaic of the Basilica founded in the second half of the 6th century by Frediano, the holy Irish bishop.
Local tradition attributes to the "hydraulic saint" the miracle of the diversion of the course of the river Serchio, whose floods threatened the city, as we are told by the 16th century frescoes of the Aspertino preserved inside.
From the basilica you can reach Piazza Anfiteatro, designed in the nineteenth century by the Lucchese architect Lorenzo Nottolini along the lines of the Roman amphitheatre of the second century AD, and Via Fillungo, the most famous and lively street in the city, whose route partly follows that of the Cardo maximus of the Roman city.
At the back of the basilica there is Piazza del Real Collegio, a prestigious building once used also as a university. From here you can reach one of the climbs to the Walls, from where you can overlook the hills of Lucca and enjoy a suggestive view of Palazzo Pfanner and its baroque garden.